The position of Dhaka district is in the center of Bangladesh. Situating on the bank of the Buriganga, the capital city Dhaka is the densest district of the country. Dhaka is the main hub of business, education, government official and other services of the country. Also, it’s the economic, political and cultural centre of the district and the country as a whole while Dhaka City Corporation occupies only about a fifth of the area of Dhaka district. Like many other cities, Dhaka is an administrative entity. As there are rural areas within the district, it’s spilled into neighboring districts and does the conurbation cover the whole district.
Dhaka District History Dhaka was ruled by the Hindu Kings once upon a time, which were the Pala and the Sena dynasties that ruled Dhaka for many years. When the Muslim rulers began to come to Bengal, it was not until early fourteenth century. In 1608, Dhaka was made the capital of Bengal when Islam Khan renamed Dhaka as Jahangirnagar after the name of Emperor Jahangir. But, Dhaka lost political importance when Murshid Quli Khan transferred the capital of Bengal from Dhaka to Murshidabad in the eighteenth century. However, it didn’t lose its commercial importance ever.
Geography of Dhaka District
The borders of Dhaka district is shared with Gazipur and Tangail to the north, Munshiganj and Rajbari to the south, Narayanganj to the east and Manikganj to the west. The Padma, Kaliganga, Dhaleshwari, Ichamati, Shitalakshya, Buriganga are the main rivers flowing through this district. Also, there are some smaller rivers including Bangshi, Turag, Balu, Elamjani, Alam, Bherujkha, Ramkrishnadi, Elisamari, Tulsikhali. Belai, Saldaher, Labandaher, Churain, Damsharan and Kiranjir Beel are the major lakes of the district. Dhaka temperature is in maximum 34.5 °C, minimum 11.5 °C and the annual rainfall is 1931mm.
Upazila List of Dhaka District
- Dohar Upazila
- Keraniganj Upazila
- Dhamrai Upazila
- Nawabganj Upazila
- Savar Upazila
Dhaka City Corporation: 2
Number of Union Parishad: 79
Dhaka District Economy
As it’s said already that Dhaka is the commercial heart of Bangladesh. Although it’s increasing the market for modern consumer and luxury goods, the city has a large middle class population. There are businesses and industries located in the Dhaka metropolitan area where many skilled workers are employed. Among the business areas Motijheel, Panthapath and Gulshan is the main. As it’s houses many high-tech industries and corporations and a shopping mall that is one of the largest in Southeast Asia, frequented daily by more than 25,000 people, Bashundhara City is a recently developed economic area. There is set up of the Export Processing Zone in Dhaka aiming to encourage the export of garments, textiles and other goods. The EPZ is home to 80 factories, which employ mostly women.
As are most of the large companies and banks of Bangladesh, including the Bangladesh Bank, HSBC, Citibank and the Grameen Bank, the Dhaka Stock Exchange is based in the city. Causing new high-rise buildings and skyscrapers to change the city landscape, urban developments have sparked a widespread construction boom. While tourism, hotels and restaurants continue as important elements of the Dhaka economy, growth has been especially strong in the finance, banking, manufacturing, and telecommunications and services sectors.
Dhaka District Population & Literacy
Dhaka district’s total population is 1, 20, 43,977 where Male 65, 55,792 and Female 54, 88,185. The sex ratio is 119:100 and the population density 8229 /Sq Km along with annual growth rate is 3.48%. Besides, the rate of literacy of the district is 70.50%. The rate of school attendance is 47.30 % for 5 to 24 years age group.
Dhaka District 10th Parliament Member’s
Dhaka-1: Salma Islam, Jatiya Party
Dhaka-2: Advocate Qamrul Islam, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-3: Nasrul Hamid, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-4: Sayed Abu Hossain, Jatiya Party
Dhaka-5: Habibur Rahman Mollah, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-6: Kazi Firoz Rashid, Jatiya Party
Dhaka-7: Haji Mohammad Salim, Independent
Dhaka-8: Rashed Khan Menon, Workers Party of Bangladesh
Dhaka-9: Saber Hossain Chowdhury, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-10: Barrister Sheikh Fazle Noor Taposh, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-11: A.K.M. Rahmatullah, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-12: Asaduzzaman Khan, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-13: Jahangir Kabir Nanak, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-14: Md. Aslamul Haque, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-15: Kamal Ahmed Majumder, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-16: Md. Elias Uddin Mollah, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-17: S.M. Abul Kalam Azad, Bangladesh Nationalist Front (BNF)
Dhaka-18: Advocate Sahara Khatun, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-19: Dr. Md. Enamur Rahaman, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka-20: M.A Maleque, Bangladesh Awami League
Dhaka District Archeological Sites
The main Archeological Sites of Dhaka district are Lalbagh fort and the tomb of Bibi Pari (1668), bara katra (1641), chhota katra and the tomb of Bibi Champa (1663), Ancient Fort and the palace of the Nawab (Jail Hospital, 1638), ahsan manzil (1872), husaini dalan (1642), Binod Bibi Mosque (1456 AD), Seven Domed Mosque (1676), Chawk Mosque (1676), Bibi Meher Mosque (1814), Armanitola Mosque (1716), Khawja Shahbaj Mosque (1679), Shayesta Khan Mosque (1664-78), Khawja Ambar Mosque (1677-78), Moriam Saleh Mosque (1706), Sitara Begum Mosque (1815), Farruk Shayer Mosque (1703-1704), and many more.
Dhaka District Major Crops
Dhaka district grows Paddy, jute, wheat, mustard seed, Linseed, sesame, sweet potato, etc.
Dhaka District Major Fruits
Dhaka district’s major fruits are Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya etc.
Dhaka District Major Rivers
The main rivers of Dhaka district Padma, Kaliganga, Dhaleshwari, Ichamati, Shitalakshya, Buriganga; small Bangshi, Turag, Balu, Elamjani, Alam, Bherujkha, Ramkrishnadi, Elisamari, and Tulsikhali.
Dhaka District Natural resources
Although there are no significant natural resources in the district, Buriganga river is also located here. River Buriganga river flows through rivers, canals, bills of Keraniganj upazila. Water of the river fertile the soil of the district. These fertile grounds are grown in different types of vegetables, paddy, jute and various types of crops. The soil of this district is fertile as a river bank.
Dhaka District Bank
There are all commercial and government bank in Dhaka district. Some of them are below:
- The Sonsani Bank
- Janata Bank
- Agrani Bank
- Rupali Bank
- Pubali Bank
- Uttara Bank
- Agricultural Bank
- Grameen Bank
- Islami Bank
- National Bank
Dhaka District Newspapers
There are many newspapers in Dhaka district, such as
Dailies (Bangla): Ittefaq, Inqilab, Bhorer Kagaj, Prothom Alo, Banglar Bani, Sangbad, Janakantha, Jugantar, Sangram, Rupali, Dainik Bangla, Dinkal, Arthaniti, Muktakantha, Ajker Kagaj, etc;
Dailies (English): Bangladesh Times, Bangladesh Observer, Daily Star, Independent, New Nation, Financial Express, Morning Sun;
weeklies: Aai Samay, Ekata, Bartaman Dinkal, Chuti, Dhaka Courier, Nagari, Purbhabas, Sandwip, Gram Barta, Bichitra, Purnima, Jaijaidin, Sughanda, Robbar, etc;
monthlies: Swadesh (, 1854), Bangadut (1829), Bangadarshan (1872), Nabanur (1903), Bengal Gazette (1780), Bengal Gazette (1818), Shikha (1927), Saogat (1918), Basana (1908), etc.
Dhaka Postal Code
Dhaka GPO: 1000
There are many famous places to visit in Dhaka district. These include National Memorial, Dhaka University, Bangladesh-China Friendship Conference Center, Dakeshari temple, Lalbag Fort, Ahsan Monjil, Aorangajeb Fort, Jinjira Palace, Baro Katara, Choto Katara, National Museum, Kamalapur Railway Station, Ramna Park, Sohrawardi Park, TSC, Sahajalal International Airport, Botanical Garden, Central Sahid Minar, Satmosjid, Bangabandhu Memorial Museum, The Parliament House, Bahadur Shah Park, Hosni Dalan, Ruplal House, Graveyard of Three Renouned Leader, Bangla Academy, Rose Garden, Baitul Mokaram Mosque, Shatgambuj Mosque, Dhakeshari Temple, Armenian Church, Novo Theatre, Shilpakala Academy, Nazrul Academy etc.
Famous person of Dhaka
Some people have enlightened the Dhaka district. These include Nawab Sir Salimullah (Social Worker & Land Lord), Atul Proshad Sen (Poet), Nawab Abdul Goni (Land Lord), Nawab Ahsan Ullah(Land Lord), Kaykobad(Poet), Khaja Nazimuddin (Politician), Ranada Proshad Saha, Samar Das(Singer), Kali Prosanna Shingha, Dr. Anisuzzaman (Educationist), Vi Girish Chandra Sen, Khaja Abdul Goni etc.
Dhaka District Miscellaneous
- Language: Bangla
- Government Primary Schools: 728
- Non Government Primary Schools: 689
- Government High Schools: 479
- Polytechnic Institute: 1
- Dhaka Medical College: 02
- Upazila Health Complex: 5
- Dhaka College: 167
- Dhaka universities: Dhaka University, BUET, Jagannath University, etc.
- Division: Dhaka
- Police hospital: 01
- Dhaka CMH: 01
- Chest Disease Hospital: 01
- Diabetic Hospital: 02
- Time Zone: +6
- Official Website: dhaka.gov.bd
- Dhaka City Corporation: 02
- Mosque (Mosjid): 3088
- Temple (Hindu): 808
- Church: 33