The location of Cox’s Bazar district is in the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh, which is 150 kilometers (93 miles) south of Chittagong city. It’s also known as Panowa (“yellow flower”) and Palongkee as well. The current name of the district was dedicated to the Captain Hiram Cox (died 1798) who was an army officer who served in British India. It’s not only the biggest sea beach in the world but a large sea fishing port of Bangladesh. In the eighth century AD, the Arab traders and preachers came to the ports of Chittagong and Akiab and consequently the Arab Muslims came in close contact with Cox’s Bazar area located between the two ports.
The whole Chittagong including Cox’s Bazar was under the rule of Harikela king Kantideva in the 19Th century. It was a part of the kingdom of Arakan when Arakan king Sulat Inga Chandra (930-975) captured Chittagong in 953 AD.
Geography of Cox’s Bazar District
Cox’s Bazar district has yet to become a major tourist destination in Asia, often termed as the world’s longest beach. Its land area is 2,491.86 km2 (962.11 sq mi) and bounded by Chittagong District on the north, Bay of Bengal in the south, Bandarban District on the east, and the Bay of Bengal on the west. District’s major rivers are Matamuhuri, Bakkhali, Reju Khal, Naf River, Maheshkhali channel and Kutubdia channel. And Cox’s Bazar town area is 6.85 km2 (2.64 sq mi).
Upazila List of Cox’s Bazar District
- Chakaria Upazila
- Cox’s Bazar Sadar Upazila
- Kutubdia Upazila
- Maheshkhali Upazila
- Ramu Upazila
- Teknaf Upazila
- Ukhia Upazila
- Pekua Upazila
Number of Union Parishad: 71
Cox’s Bazar District Economy
Tourism is the major livelihood of Cox’s Bazar district. Every year, millions of foreign and Bangladeshi natives visit this coastal city. The hospitality industry is a major employer in the area with a number of hotels, guest houses, and motels have been built in the city and coastal region. Moreover, so many people are involved in the fishing and collection of seafood and sea products. It’s popular with the tourists in the seaside and city stores the jewelry made from shells along with Oysters, snails, pearls etc. also, there are huge people involved in the transportation business for tourists. Besides, there are agricultural job for many farmers in the district.
Hotel in Cox’s Bazar
As it’s said that Cox’s Bazar is the largest sea beach in the world, there is the visit of million tourists from home and abroad. This is because there are so many 5-star, 4-star, and luxury hotels, motel, and resorts. These include Hotel Sea Crown, Royal Tulip Sea Pearl Beach Resort & Spa, Pebble Stone Sea Resort, Resort Beach View, The Cox Today Limited, Seagull Hotel, Hotel Prime Park and many more.
Cox’s Bazar District Archaeological Heritage
notable archaeological heritage and relics of Cox’s Bazar are Adinath Temple (Maheskhali), Tomb of Shah Umar (in Chakoria), Satgumbad Masjid of Fazl Quke at Manikpur, Hasher dighi, Bir Kamla dighi, (in Teknaf) Well of Mathin, (in Kutubdia) Kalarma Masjid, Tomb of Qutub Awliya, (in Ramu) Ramkot Hindu Mandir, Ramkot Buddhist Keyang, Lamarpara Buddhist Keyang, (in Ukhia) Patabari Buddhist Keyang, Kutupalang Buddhist Keyang, Kanabazar underground channel, (in Cox’s Bazar) Agvamedha Buddhist Keyang, Buddhist Pagoda, single domed mosque at Jhilanga etc.
Cox’s Bazar District Population & Literacy
Cox’s Bazar district’s total population is 22, 89,990 where Male 11, 69,604 and Female 11, 20,386. The sex ratio is 104:100 and the population density 919/Sq Km along with annual growth rate is 2.55%. Besides, the rate of literacy of the district is 39.30 % where Male 40.30 % and Female 38.20 %. The rate of school attendance is 46.50 % for 5 to 24 years age group.
Cox’s Bazar District 10th Parliament Member’s
Cox’s Bazar-1: Mohammed Ellias, Jatiya Party
Cox’s Bazar-2: Asheq Ullah Rafiq, Bangladesh Awami League
Cox’s Bazar-3: Shaimum Sarwar Kamal, Bangladesh Awami League
Cox’s Bazar-4: Abdur Rahman Badi, Bangladesh Awami League
Cox’s Bazar District Major Crops
Cox’s Bazar district grows Paddy, Jute, Rubber, Coconut, Batel Nut, Marine Fish etc.
Cox’s Bazar District Major Fruits
Cox’s Bazar district’s major fruits are Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya, coconut, palm and guava.
Cox’s Bazar District Major Rivers
The main rivers of Cox’s Bazar district are Matamuhuri River, Bakkhali River, Kohalika River, Reju Khal and Naf River
Cox’s Bazar District Bank
There are all commercial and government bank in Cox’s Bazar district. Some of them are below:
- The Sonsani Bank
- Janata Bank
- Agrani Bank
- Rupali Bank
- Pubali Bank
- Uttara Bank
- Agricultural Bank
- Grameen Bank
- Islami Bank
- National Bank
Cox’s Bazar District Newspapers
There are many newspapers in Cox’s Bazar district, such as
Daily: Saikat, Cox’s Bazar, Ajker Desh-bidesh, Dainandin, Mayer Desh,
Weekly: Swadesh Bani, Kutubdia, Chakori, Cox’s Bazar, Cox’s Bazar Barta, Sagar Bani, Sagar Kantha, Naf kantha.
Fortnightly: Mehdi; extinct- Himchhari, Bak-khali
Cox’s Bazar Postal Code
- Cox’s Bazar Postal Code: 4700
- Chiringga: 4740
- Coxs Bazar Sadar: 4700
- Coxs Bazar Sadar
- Gorakghat: 4710
- Kutubdia: 4720
- Ramu: 4730
- Teknaf: 4760
- Ukhia: 4750
There are many famous places to visit in Cox’s Bazar district. These include Cox’s Bazar Sea Beach, Teknaf, Saint Martin Island, Moheskhali, Adinath Temple, Sonadia Island, Buddhist Murti of Ramu, Himchari, Inane Beach, Kutubdia Light House, Aggmeda Khyang (a large Buddhist monastery), Ram Court, Bangabandhu Safari Park etc.
Famous person of Cox’s Bazar
Some people have enlightened the Cox’s Bazar district. These include Sahid Saber, Nurul Huda (Poet), Dr Sahajahan Munir (Literate Personality), Abdur Rashid Shiddique, Prof. Samser Uddin Chowdhury, Muhammad Nurul Huda (Poet), Mohammad Mostak Ahmad Chowdhury (Politician), Dula Fakir(Saiant), Hazrat Alauddin Shah (Saint), Ostad Abu Bakar (Cultural Personality) etc.
Cox’s Bazar District Miscellaneous
- Language: Bangla
- Government Primary Schools: 376
- Non Government Primary Schools: 235
- Government High Schools: 6
- Non Government High Schools: 107
- Cox’s Bazar Medical College: 01
- Upazila Health Complex: 8
- Cox’s Bazar Govt College: 4
- Private College: 17
- Division: Chittagong
- Time Zone: +6
- Official Website: coxsbazar.gov.bd
- Mosque (Mosjid): Major 11 registered
- Temple (Hindu): 2 registered
- Buddha Temple: 98 registered
- Stadium: 1
- Public Library: 1