The location of Chandpur district is at the east central part of Bangladesh. We found a minor region named Chandpur according to the atlas of Major James Renal (1779). However, the offices of the government body were in the southern part of current Chandpur named Narasinghapur which is currently absorbed in river. It was 60 miles southwest from the current location from the meeting place of mighty Padma and Meghna. The region was under the rule of Chand Narayan Roy during the Baro Bhuyan period. According to the Historian J F Sengupta, Chandpur was named after Chand Narayan Roy. In addition, it was named after Chand Fakir of Purindor Moholla (Current Koralia) according to some other historians. There were four sub divisions named- Sadar North, Sadar South, Brahmanbaria and Chandpur under Tripura district in 1878. Chandpur subdivision was turned into a district in 1984 after the liberation of Bangladesh.
Geography of Chandpur District
Chandpur district‘s geological formation has been formed in Pleistocene and Holocene era. Chandpur district‘s geographical history can be traced to the ancient maps of Parvinta’s eastern India. This map was called Sagurnoopa, south of this region of Bangladesh, Pragjyotis in the north and Kiratsa, the foothills of the eastern part of the map. The erstwhile Red River (today’s Brahmaputra River) consists of ‘Kiratas’ region. The district of Comilla was formed in the area of Kiratas area.
That is why Chandpur district was also included in the ‘Kirat’ region. On the map of Thomas Water, the place of Titas and possibly the location of the place called ‘Srikhetra’ on the south of the river Gomti is shown in the eastern Indian region. Many people think that the current ‘Chandrakrut’ was formed on the west of Chandpur district and Noakhali district.
Upazila List of Chandpur District
- Chandpur Sadar Upazila,
- Faridganj Upazila,
- Haimchar Upazila,
- Hajiganj Upazila,
- Kachua Upazila,
- Matlab North Upazila,
- Matlab South Upazila,
- Shahrasti Upazila
Number of Union Parishad: 89
Chandpur District Economy
Chandpur district economy is mainly basis on the agriculture. Here 58.63% holdings are farms that produce varieties of crops namely local and HYV rice, wheat, vegetables, cash crops, spices, pulses and others, out of total 461,192 holdings of the district. There are plenty of various types of fish in Chandpur. The fishes are caught from the river, channels and creeks. I can’t wait to say about the national fish of Bangladesh and the brand product of Chandpur, Hilsh fish, a popular fish of the country that’s abundantly available in the district. Fishing is important source of income to the fishermen of this district.
Chandpur District Archaeological Heritage
Rasti Shah Dargah, Begum Mosque, Hajiganj Bara Mosque, Suja Mosque, Alamgiri Mosque, Mada Khan Mosque, Kalimandir at Matlab, Math at Lohagara, Math at Naorai, Math at Tultuli (Kachua), Raths at Sachar and Matlab, Pata of Behula at Ujani, ramnants of the fort at Nasir Court, Kali Bari at Meher, Neelkuthi at Shahebganj, Baraduara at Kasimbazar and Kalibari Mandir (1878) at Chandpur Sadar are notable among the archaeological heritages and relics.
Chandpur District Population & Literacy
Chandpur district’s total population is 24, 16,018 where Male 11, 45,831 and Female 12, 70,187. The sex ratio is 90:100 and the population density 1526/Sq Km along with annual growth rate is 0.61%. Besides, the rate of literacy of the district is 68% where Male 56.10% and Female 74.30%. The rate of school attendance is 56.80% for 5 to 24 years age group.
Chandpur District 10th Parliament Member’s
Chandpur-1: Dr. Mahiuddin Khan Alamgir, Bangladesh Awami League
Chandpur-2: Mofazzal Hossain Chowdhury (Maya), Bangladesh Awami League
Chandpur-3: Dr. Dipu Moni, Bangladesh Awami League
Chandpur-4: Dr. Mohammed Shamsul Hoque Bhuyan, Bangladesh Awami League
Chandpur-5: Major Rafiqul Islam (Retd.) Bir Uttam, Bangladesh Awami League
Chandpur District Major Crops
Chandpur district grows Paddy, jute, mustard seed, supari (nut), wheat, potato and sugarcane.
Chandpur District Major Fruits
Chandpur district’s major fruits are Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya, coconut, palm and guava.
Chandpur District Major Rivers
The main rivers of Chandpur district are the Meghna and the Padma, which are near the Chandpur town and take a vast expanse. The Meghna’s main tributaries are Dakatia, Dhanagada, Matlab and Udhamdi are covered this district. The erosion of the rivers is the common feature in this district.
Chandpur District Bank
There are all commercial and government bank in Chandpur district. Some of them are below:
- The Sonsani Bank
- Janata Bank
- Agrani Bank
- Rupali Bank
- Pubali Bank
- Uttara Bank
- Agricultural Bank
- Grameen Bank
- Islami Bank
- National Bank
Chandpur District Newspapers
There are many newspapers in Chandpur district, such as
- Dainik Chandpur Kantha,
- Dainik Chandpur Darpan;
- Weekly Chandpur,
- Weekly Chandpur Sangbad,
- Weekly Rupasi,
- Weekly Dibachitra,
- Weekly Hajiganj;
- Extinct- Nababanga (1947), Alo (1947), Weekly Annagram (1960), Bharat Hitashi, Rakta Palash, Raktim Surya and Mohana.
Chandpur Postal Code
- Chandpur Sadar Postal Code: 3600
- Faridganj Postal Code: 3650
- Hajiganj Postal Code: 3610
- Hayemchar Postal Code: 3660
- Kachua Postal Code: 3630
- Matlobganj Postal Code: 3640
- Shahrasti Postal Code: 3620
There are many famous places to visit in Chandpur district. These include Titas Gas Field, Graveyard of Birshresta Mostafa Kamal, Kasba Kollapathar Somadhi, Faruque Park, Graveyard of Kallishid (R), Home of Ostad Alauddin Kha, Hatirpul, Home of Biplobi Ullash Datta, Gonga Sagor, Meghna Bridge, Ashugonj Power Station, Jadughor Sahi Mosque, and Haripur Landlord Palace etc.
Famous person of Chandpur
Some people have enlightened the Chandpur district. These include Chandpur River Port, River Research Institute, Mole head outfall in Barostation, Remnants of the Nasir Court fort, Baraduara, Historical Baro Mosque of Hazigonj, ICDDR,B in Motlob, Monoshamura, Meghna-Dhangoda Barrage, Nilkuthi, Sahsuja Mosque, Shah Rasti Dargah, Begum Mosque, Hajiganj Bara Mosque, Alamgiri Mosque, Mada Khan Mosque, Kali temple, Ilish Chattor, Lohagara ashram, Naorai ashram, Tultuli (Kachua) ashram, Rare species of plants Naglingam in DC Banglow etc.
Chandpur District Miscellaneous
- Language: Bangla
- Government Primary Schools: 786
- Non Government Primary Schools: 227
- Government High Schools: 7
- Non Government High Schools: 19
- Polytechnic Institure: 1
- Government Hospital: 1 of 250 beds
- Upazila Health Complex: 7
- Chandpur Govt College: 2
- Private College: 19
- Division: Chittagong
- Eye hospital: 01
- Chest Disease Hospital: 01
- Diabetic Hospital: 01
- Red Crescent Hospital: 01
- Railway hospital: 01
- Private hospital (clinic): Registered-20, Unregistered- 02
- Private Dental Clinic 3
- Ideal Villages: 6
- Time Zone: +6
- Official Website: chandpur.gov.bd
- Mosque (Mosjid): Major 126 registered
- Temple (Hindu): 66 registered
- Stadium: 1
- Public Library: 1